by Pat Holt
Friday, March 16, 2001
TERRY'S EXCELLENT AUDIO ADVENTURE: PART II
Here we are back at the San Francisco sound studio where my partner Terry is reading her book aloud for the audiocassette and CD abridgment of her book.
Terry's earphoned Mr. Potatohead look is all we can see through the angled window in the sound booth - soon she takes the earphone off and is dwarfed by the giant microphone above her - while just outside, engineer Gary Dominguez adjusts voice levels and producer Elisa Shokoff reads along, making big circles and arrows on the script.
Although they haven't met until today - the first of a three-day session - Gary (freelance) and Elisa (S&S) team up like the pair of seasoned pros they are: Both remember the era in recorded books when physical tape was spliced with razor blades and have gratefully turned to digital technology as the easier, simpler, cleaner process of their dreams.
So: How do audiobook producers keep the rustling of pages and tongue clicks and nose-hair tootles out of the recording? Do they use a software program that erases unwanted audio pixels (if that's what they're called)? Do they employ a professional page-turner who wears gloves to muffle the sound (as a listener I've imagined every scenario).
No, to get rid of the "thunderstorm" effect (people used to hit the mike with the page like a thunderclap), Gary simply erects a wide music stand in front of Terry's microphone so that she can read three pages of the script at a time, without touching paper.
Elisa has even seen to it that every page ends in a period, "so your voice won't have that hanging-in-the-air sound in mid-sentence when you turn to the top of the next page."
It's very impressive to see how the process is geared to give the performer every possible relief. "Don't worry if you fumble or stumble," Elisa says. "You can re-read a passage or keep going; we'll come back and do 'pick-ups' at the page break."
Lemony hot water and apple slices are at the ready - they cut through foggy, frog-occupied throats. Milk is not advised, even in coffee (contributes to mucus), and sweets create that sticky catch in the back of the tongue that can give the voice a crackle after a few hours.
The Formal Start
So now. All is in readiness. Terry under the microphone looks a bit nervous because each time she practiced this week, her voice dropped about three registers, and she's found herself tongue-tied on the simplest sentences.
However, as Elisa promises, "it's fine if the first few pages sound a little off. They do to everybody. Remember, the one thing we always, always, ALWAYS do, even with professional actors, even with Jeremy Irons, is to go back after you finish and re-record the beginning."
With that comforting thought, the formal reading is about to begin. Gary takes his place at a huge console of keyboard, screens and speakers. Elisa dons headphones and positions her big soft pencil and script.
Terry in her booth takes a deep relaxing breath and begins reading, and just as the maverick columnist in the room holds her breath to listen as acutely as possible, Elisa and Gary suddenly explode in conversation.
I can't believe it. These two don't seem to be listening at all, consumed as they are in technical matters - cycles, splatters, filters, mike pops, roll-offs, slivers, flaps, EQs (equilizing measures) and slates.
At one point they even turn the overhead sound down, as if that distracting Terry Ryan is interrupting their vital electronic work. But they're really in the thick of "EQ-ing," as they say: Gary is routing out any hint of tinny or flat or tremulous voice levels while Elisa is listening hard for Terry's most appealing natural voice.
"Once we find it," she says later, "everything is set in stone. From then on, nothing changes technically, including the exact distance of the performer from the microphone. Sometimes we'll take polaroids to make sure the distance is the same when we come back the next day. Or we might mark the floor or desk with tape."
Indeed, their relief is palpable when they get to that point. Like chickens who've arrived squawking and pecking - and in this case slowly become satisfied with rolling dials, jumping needles and ticker-tape spikes on the screen - they stop their fluttering and sit down.
The overhead sound is turned back up, and calming statements are uttered - "great presence," "good levels," "she's fine" - as Terry, who's been oblivious to it all, continues on.
So we all settle back to listen and record, falling into a happy routine of pick-ups, corrections, re-readings and sips of lemon water.
Elisa never interrupts - that would be too jarring to the reader - never speaks negatively. At the end of every three-page segment, her voice is thoughtful, supportive, respectful.
"That was great," she says. "Can you give me the last sentence with different emphasis?" or "try bringing that question up just a little bit," or "our error - nothing you did was wrong, but read that paragraph one more time. . . "
Even when the extra-sensitive microphone picks up the most minute extraneous sounds, such as Terry's knees rubbing together or hunger pangs growling up from the abdominal deep, Elisa like a good director keeps her performer's spirits up. "We just had a cameo from your stomach, Terry," she says.
The Big Surprise
There should be no surprises, since Elisa has pored over the abridgment at least six times - and confessed she once missed her train stop in New York because her eyes teared up at the end. So no one expects much of a reaction by now.
But Gary has not read the book and out of nowhere begins chortling, chuckling, shaking his head and laughing out loud for much of it - even yelling despite himself, "Why, that a--hole!" in the more painful parts. None of this gets recorded on the tape, of course, but it does stir the spirit in the room.
Terry's book is called "The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio: How My Mother Raised 10 Kids on 25 Words or Less." It's about the contest era of the '50s and '60s when Madison Avenue invited consumers to save boxtops and coupons and write jingles, poems and limericks extolling the wonders of advertised products.
Evelyn Ryan, Terry's mother, proved so good at filling out lines such as "I like Dial because . . . " or writing such earnest jingles as "Kraft's Parkay won't tear fresh bread/Even ice cold it will smoothly spread," that she won huge prizes - cars, trips to Europe, gold watches, refrigerators, TVs, color TVs, a jukebox - as well as small cash awards ($1 per poem) for a 20-year period.
Terry's voice becomes newly animated for the jingles her mother wrote, such as this one about the indentations that separate segments in Tootsie Rolls:
"For chewy, toothsome, wholesome goodness,
Gary bursts out laughing with every one of these - there are over a hundred. When it develops that the Ryan family was one of the poorest in the small town of Defiance, Ohio, and that Evelyn, filling out entries at her ironing board, won three separate Grand Prizes, each time saving her family from eviction, hunger and foreclosure, he lets out little whoops of triumph in the kind of solidarity we all feel for this resourceful mother of long ago.
(The "a--hole" remark he utters is about Terry's father, an alcoholic who drank up so much of his small paycheck that Evelyn felt compelled to win more and more contests. In one unexpectedly humorous scene, Leo Ryan turns violent in the kitchen, and in the ensuing melee, a bowl of Jell-O is sent hurling through the air, its contents plopping right on Dad. At that point all the kids and Mom can think of is not the father's attack on Mom but Evelyn's latest entry:
"For picnic or party, Jell-O's a boon -
I, too, have read the book and the abridgment many times, having acted as Terry's pre-submission editor, but there's something about the spontaneous expression of emotion by this nice man Gary, a stranger to the story; and to Terry overcoming her deep shyness to read her mother's tale out loud to the world; and to Elisa who brings such exquisite care to this process, that moves me to the bone.
In fact, we all feel it. (See Rachel Remen's letter below, by the way. Apparently it's not uncommon that this kind of emotion affects everyone within earshot of a reading like this.)
Jaws That Go Click in the Night
By this time, Terry's grown more confident, her voice losing that hollow boomy barrel sound and becoming light and animated. "She's getting good at spotting," says Gary, meaning she now corrects her own glitches and sails right along.
But what do you do, I ask Elisa later, about performers whose jaws develop those funny clicks or whose sinuses seem to cramp up and emit odd little pips in the middle of sentence after sentence?
Well, digital audio really has been a revolution, Elisa says. There was one occasion when an actor had a lot of dental work done the day before the recording. "His teeth were still loose when he came in," she says, "so the reading sounded like he had a box of Chiclets in his mouth."
For this, she found a special software program that helped erase every ivory rattle. "It's not magic," she says. "No program can fix it all. But if you're willing to put in the hours, you can clean the track manually - physically pull out the problems click by click and breath by breath."
Recordings are so precise today that Elisa and Gary even record the "room tone" when Terry goes out for lunch. This is because the tape editor, who lives in Colorado, may have a different sound of silence in his studio than the one here.
I think of the many traffic jams in which I've listened to book adaptations on audiocassette with horns blaring all around. Probably I'll never hear a change in "room tone," but it's heartening to know these professionals are taking pains to make sure nobody will.
The Importance of That Nothing Sound
But room tone is regarded as an essential if not saving ingredient for audio producers. "It's like a 'reaction shot' in a movie," Elisa says. The camera shoots each side of a conversation at different times, and the director has to make sure the lighting and ambiance of the scene are the same so the viewer feels it's one integrated piece.
"When reading, if Terry coughs between sentences, we would edit out the cough and put a little bit of room tone in to make for smooth continuity. Or if she got a little rushed at some point, I could come in later with a quarter-second or half-second of room tone to fill out or slow down the pacing."
The trap is to do the reverse - to use room tone to create too many or unnecessarily elaborate dramatic pauses. "You never want room tone to suggest something too precious, or to telegraph the importance of a statement," Elisa says. "It should be very subtle but also very definite, and it must be consistent with the unique way each performer reads the book."
Gad, this is heartening, I feel. As much thought goes into a quarter-second of no sound at all in the audio version of a book as a one-hundredth of an inch of space in a newspaper book review.
What It Really Takes
At the end of the recording session, a wistfulness sets in as the little group, now having worked together for three days straight, wraps it up. "This experience," Elisa says, "is often so intense and intimate that it's like leaving your family when we're done."
What an intriguing thought. I've often felt that the reason people love books adapted to audio is that the listener so easily falls into the mode of a child being read to by a loving adult.
There's something safe, trusting - even hypnotic - about hearing a book in this way, so much so that one almost feels the intimacy of that studio and that little recording family coming right through the wires.
You may not be a fan of abridged readings (I'm not), but you can't deny the love that sends them into the world.
SO YOU WANT TO WORK AT BORDERS?
A funny spoof on Borders' employment applications has hit the Internet at http://www.hpoo.com/errata/borders.html .
"We at Borders look for the brightest and best people to work at our stores," it begins. "Unfortunately, since we aren't willing to pay for the brightest and best, we have to settle for people who show up without excessive prompting and who don't commit felonies on the clock."
Gee, they're stricter than we thought according to this satire. The language gets a little rough, but the intentions behind employment at Borders do sound a little too accurate for comfort as the writers of Hell's Half-Acre Herald, where the parody originally appeared, have their fun.
"We expect nothing but unswerving loyalty from our associates, even though we could and would throw your asses to the wolves whenever it suits us. In return for your slavish adoration, we guarantee a semiregular paycheck, benefits that would be insulting to a maximum-security inmate, and the warm feeling that comes from knowing that you have a job so long as we can't find purple-assed baboons that stock bookshelves. Please answer all questions to the best of your ability and with the understanding of what Borders wants: if we wanted honesty, we'd hire George Washington."
A questionnaire with multiple-choice answers is a bit pedestrian, but I'm glad to see some truth-telling, though it makes a person wince, in the early pages:
"Q: Why do you want to work for Borders?
"Borders drove my independent bookstore out of business."
FINAL DEADLINE FOR ONLINE BOOKSELLERS' LIST
If you want a favorite independent bookseller's website to be considered for the online list I promise is coming soon, maybe Tuesday even, please send me a note this weekend at email@example.com. Boy, it's going to be a corker, thank you!
Dear Holt Uncensored:
I loved #223 [about the abridgment process for adapting books to audiocassettes]. I have always wondered how they do it. I remember talking to David Gruben when he edited down 7 days of his filming of a Commonweal retreat ( for the Moyers 1993 PBS series "Healing and the Mind") first to 13 hours of tape and then to 52 minutes of tape....and still gave you the absolute lived experience of what it was like to be there. He is a remarkable man and when I asked him about it, he said it's just about the size of "the box." First, he said, "you've got the soul of the work in a box that is 7 days big, then you put it into a box that is 13 hours big and then you put it into a box that is 52 minutes big......but it is always the same soul."
I myself think it is magic, but none of these people are owning up. My audiobook was also done by Simon and Schuster (not my publisher) and I can vouch that Elisa Shokoff is a living doll and God's gift to authors who read themselves.
Also, I found it deeply moving and very supportive to come out of that little room where you have been sitting alone reading for hours and find that you were not alone at all, and the engineers and the producer have tears in their eyes.
Dear Holt Uncensored
I read with great interest your first installment describing the audio abridgement process. I have long listened to audiobooks, but after listening to one or two abridgements of books with which I was familiar, I lost interest. Some of the authors' best work had been lost, though I admired the abridgers' ability to cut to the heart of the book.
One comment you made struck a chord:
"Then there were the actors who tried to deepen male voices and use falsetto for female voices. These performers, I always felt, should be shot."
I generally agree with that statement, but must offer one deviation from the norm. I have recently had the great pleasure to listen to all four Harry Potter books on unabridged audio, read by Jim Dale. Mr. Dale is a master. He brings each and every character to life, much like the one-person performers you've described. I cannot read the books now--I pray Mr. Dale records the rest of the series, and I urge anyone who enjoys audiobooks to give Harry Potter a try.
Of course, now I am completely spoiled for any other reader.
Natalie J. Damschroder
Dear Holt Uncensored:
I'm writing to ask if you have heard anything about what's going on at Contentville. I know that they laid four people off, including an editor, and that there are plans to reorganize the whole operation. However my concern is about the independent booksellers who write for Stephen Brill, the creator of Contentville. Instead of three pieces, they are now being asked to write only one, and of course the big money that was waved in front of them is now a mere memory. My take on things is that the book sales just weren't there. Now I don't believe that was the booksellers' fault because there were plenty of great reviews and some thought-provoking articles. I feel with the whole fallout of the online book market, Brill had some big money backers pull out and maybe they too will pack up shop. I liked the idea of Contentville as a whole but you were right that it was lit up like a Vegas Casino with flashing banners and pop up consoles. And if they wanted to sell books they sure didn't emphasize that point on the website.
Holt responds: I don't know anything more than what's been reported about Contentville and have little inclination to pursue it. The site just never lifted for me despite many excellent reviews from independents, perhaps because one always felt (okay, I always felt) that some other agenda was being served.
Dear Holt Uncensored:
Boy, did you hit a nerve with your piece on fashion ads featuring "All Around Sluts" and "Dead Women in the Shower."
I think the all-time distasteful ad for me was the woman who hung herself because she missed a department store's early morning sale. It never shows her face, just her body coming home from work. She picks up the mail, sees the flyer for the sale, and says, "Oh, no!" Next you see her feet swinging lifeless in the air and the flyer off in the background on the floor. A voice comes over and says something like this: "Make sure you aren't disappointed and miss our early morning sale," and so forth.
I was so outraged that I wrote a letter to the store and said that depicting women as so brainless that they would kill themselves over missing a sale had to be stooping to the lowest form of advertising possible. How they thought this would make any woman want to rush to one of their sales was beyond me.
The latest is the GAP billboard that is all over town showing an anorexic girl and an average boy. The girl is a walking skeleton. I can just see young teens who are already having a tough time with how they look saying, Gee I wish I could be that thin. It drives me nuts.
Okay, I feel better.
Holt Uncensored provides this forum for the free and uncensored exchange of thoughts and ideas from writers of all callings. The opinions expressed here are not necessarily those of Pat Holt or the Northern California Independent Booksellers Association.
"Holt Uncensored" is an online column by Pat Holt
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